Labour Market Trends
Labour Market Trends
Canadian Economy Adds 104,000 Jobs in December, But Manufacturing Employment Falls
- Canadian employment surged by 104,000 (+0.5%) in December, the fourth straight monthly gain.
- The increase in employment spanned 10 of 16 industries, with construction, transportation and warehousing, and information, culture and recreation posting the biggest gains.
- Manufacturing employment fell by 7,800 (-0.4%), the first decline in three months.
- The headline unemployment rate ticked down 0.1 percentage points to 5.0% in December, while the unemployment rate in manufacturing dropped 0.2 percentage points to 2.8%.
- Year-over-year wage growth in manufacturing accelerated sharply to 8.2% in December, the second-highest rate on record.
- Total employment was up in 9 of 10 provinces, led by notable gains in Ontario, Alberta, and BC.
- The decrease in manufacturing employment was concentrated in Ontario.
- Canada’s labour market continues to show resilience in the face of growing headwinds. Although the Bank of Canada has indicated that its rate-hike campaign is nearing an end, the strength of this report supports the view that the Bank has another hike left in store.
LABOUR MARKET ENDS YEAR ON A HIGH NOTE
Canadian employment surged by 104,000 (+0.5%) in December, the fourth straight monthly gain. Last month’s increase was driven by full-time work (+85,000) and by private sector employment (+112,000).
Employment was up in 10 of 16 industries. The biggest increases were observed in construction (+35,000), transportation and warehousing (+29,300), information, culture and recreation (+25,000), and professional, scientific and technical services (+23,100). Partly offsetting these gains was a decrease of 17,400 jobs in health care and social assistance, its largest decline since July 2022.
Canada’s labour market continues to show resilience in the face of growing headwinds. Although the Bank of Canada has indicated that its rate-hike campaign is nearing an end, the strength of this report supports the view that the Bank has another hike left in store. Its next meeting is scheduled for January 25th.
MANUFACTURERS SHED WORKERS FOR FIRST TIME IN THREE MONTHS
Manufacturing employment fell by 7,800 (-0.4%) in December, the first decline in three months. The job cuts in December coincide with recent softness in other key indicators like GDP, exports, and manufacturing sales.
Turning to the annual data, manufacturers added 13,000 positions in 2022, down substantially from the 62,200 new hires in 2021. Still, thanks to these back-to-back gains, the industry’s employment climbed to an average of 1.748 million last year, the highest level since 2012.
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE TICKS DOWN TO NEAR-RECORD LOW
The headline unemployment rate ticked down 0.1 percentage points to 5.0% in December. This was the third decline in four months and left the rate just above the record low of 4.9% reached in June and July. At the same time, the jobless rate in manufacturing dropped 0.2 percentage points to 2.8%, also just 0.1 percentage points shy of its all-time low.
WAGE GROWTH IN MANUFACTURING SURGES
While the unemployment rate sits near a record low, job vacancies have started to fall, with the declines concentrated in industries that are more sensitive to interest rates. This could help explain the moderation in headline wage growth. Indeed, the average hourly wage rate in the overall economy decreased by 0.2% in December. On a year-over-year basis, wage growth decelerated from 5.6% in November to a still-firm 5.1% in December.
In contrast, pay gains remain robust in manufacturing, even though the sector’s job vacancies have also been trending lower. This indicates that manufacturers continue to face significant challenges finding workers. In fact, average hourly earnings in the manufacturing sector rose 1.0% in December, the fifth straight monthly advance. As a result, year-over-year wage growth surged from 6.9% in November to 8.2% in December, more than three times the sector’s historical average of 2.5% and the second-highest rate on record.
EMPLOYMENT INCREASE WIDESPREAD ACROSS PROVINCES
Regionally, the employment increase spanned 9 of 10 provinces. The largest absolute gains were recorded in Ontario (+42,100), Alberta (+24,500), and BC (+16,600), while the largest proportional increase was observed in Newfoundland and Labrador (+6,700). This was Alberta’s first notable job growth since May 2022.
In the manufacturing sector, employment was down in five provinces in December. The lion’s share of the decrease was registered in Ontario (-6,900), its first drop in three months. In proportional terms, noteworthy declines were also observed in Nova Scotia (-2,000) and Saskatchewan (-1,100), while significant gains were posted in PEI (+600) and Newfoundland and Labrador (+600).